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A New Benchmark In Dynamic Equivalence - A New Standard In Bible Translation

Since it is not possible to literally translate every Hebrew, Greek or Aramaic word into English, the vast majority of Bible scholars embrace the principle of dynamic equivalence—rendering the true meaning of an ancient phrase or passage in its closest contemporary English language equivalent. The NLT second edition represents a new benchmark in dynamic equivalence, carefully taking into account both the literal and dynamic renderings and where both are equally clear, accepting the more word-for-word direction. This balance of living language and precise scholarship sets the standard for Bible translations.

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 Proverbs 5:15-17   2 Corinthians 8:6-7   Isaiah 7:7-9 

The Greek word charisis usually translated “grace,” but it has a wide range of meanings. In this passage (verses 6 and 7) it relates to the offering the Corinthian church was collecting to send to the struggling believers in Judea. KJV and NKJV use the word “grace,” which is potentially misleading. NASB and NIV hint at the broader meaning here by using the phrases “gracious work” (NASB) and “act of grace” and “grace of giving” (NIV). NLT clarifies the act of grace by using the phrases “ministry of giving” and “gracious act of giving.”

Paul gives a list of attributes in which the Corinthian church excels (verse 7). The second item in the list is the Greek word logos, which usually means “word.” KJV and NASB render it “utterance,” and NKJVand NIV render it “speech.” Both are correct, but Paul seems to have a very specific thought in mind, so the NLT translators chose to use the term “gifted speakers.”

There’s a significant textual variance in verse 7. Did Paul write about“ your love for us” or “our love for you”? KJV, NKJV, and NIV all follow the Greek text that reads “your love for us.” NASB and NLT both follow the Greek text that reads “our love for you.” Note the textual footnotes.

KJV
6 In so much that we desired Titus, that as he had begun, so he would also finish in you the same grace also.
7 Therefore, as ye abound in every thing, in faith, and utterance, and knowledge, and in all diligence, and in your love to us, see that ye abound in this grace also.

NKJV
6 So we urged Titus, that as he had begun, so he would also complete this grace in you as well.
7 But as you abound in everything—in faith, in speech, in knowledge, in all diligence, and in your love for us—see that you abound in this grace also.

NASB
6 So we urged Titus that as he had previously made a beginning, so he would also complete in you this gracious work as well.
7 But just as you abound in everything, in faith and utterance and knowledge and in all earnestness and in the love we inspired in you,* see that you abound in this gracious work also.

8:7 Lit love from us in you; one early ms reads your love for us.

NIV
6 So we urged Titus, since he had earlier made a beginning, to bring also to completion this act of grace on your part.
7 But just as you excel in everything —in faith, in speech,in knowledge, in complete earnestness and in your love for us* —see that you also excel in this grace of giving.

8:7 Some manuscripts in our love for you.

NLT
6 So we have encouraged Titus, who encouraged your giving in the first place, to return to you and encourage you to finish this ministry of giving.
7 Since you excel in so many ways —in your faith, your gifted speakers,your knowledge, your enthusiasm, and your love from us* —I want you to excel also in this gracious act of giving.

8:7Some manuscripts read your love for us.

endorsements

“I’m thrilled with the NLT second edition. . . .The attention to accuracy while being understandable makes the NLT the perfect choice for all churches called to grow people in Christ and reach people far from God.”

Brad Mitchell
Trinity Church
Lansing, Michigan

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